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Research Summaries for Consumers, Clinicians, and Policymakers

 

The Effective Health Care Program creates free research summaries about the benefits and risks of different treatments for different health conditions. The summaries are based on comparative effectiveness reviews that cover health topics suggested by the public. These research summaries are not clinical recommendations or guidelines and should not be interpreted as such.

Please join our e-mail list to receive updates when we post new research summaries on this page.

Research summaries for consumers, clinicians, and policymakers are available for the following health conditions:

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 Brain and Nerve Conditions
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Treating Severe Migraine Headaches in the Emergency Room (En Español) Sept. 19, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC142-A
Acute Migraine Treatment in Emergency Settings Sept. 19, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC142-3
Options for Treating Restless Legs Syndrome (En Español) Aug. 30, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC147-A
Treatment for Restless Legs Syndrome Aug. 30, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC147-3
 Breathing Conditions
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Allergy Shots and Allergy Drops for Adults and Children (En Español) Aug. 22, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13-EHC061-A
Subcutaneous and Sublingual Immunotherapy To Treat Allergic Rhinitis/Rhinoconjunctivitis and Asthma Aug. 22, 2013
Treating Sleep Apnea: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Aug. 8, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC052-A
Comparative Effectiveness of Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults Aug. 8, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC052-3
Human Growth Hormone for Children With Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of the Research for Parents and Caregivers (En Español) Mar. 4, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC003-A
Use of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone for Pediatric Patients With Cystic Fibrosis Mar. 4, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC003-3
Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: Comparative Effectiveness Sept. 20, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC089-3
 Cancer
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Trasplantes de médula ósea o de células madre sanguíneas en niños con formas graves de trastornos autoinmunes o ciertos tipos de cáncer Apr. 9, 2014
AHRQ Pub. No. 13(14)-EHC127-B-EF
Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation for Rare Diseases in the Pediatric Population Sept. 25, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(14)-EHC018-3
Trasplantes de médula ósea o de células madre sanguíneas en niños con ciertas enfermedades metabólicas hereditarias y raras Mar. 25, 2014
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(14)-EHC018-B-EF
Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation for Rare Diseases in the Pediatric Population Sept. 25, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(14)-EHC018-3
Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Certain Rare Inherited Metabolic Diseases Sept. 25, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(14)-EHC018-A-EF
Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation for Rare Diseases in the Pediatric Population Sept. 25, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(14)-EHC018-3
Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Severe Forms of Autoimmune Disorders or Certain Types of Cancer Sept. 25, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13(14)-EHC127-A-EF
Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation for Rare Diseases in the Pediatric Population Sept. 25, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(14)-EHC018-3
Understanding Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer: A Guide for Adults and Their Caregivers (En Español) Nov. 30, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10(11)-EHC014-A
Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of Radiotherapy Treatments for Head and Neck Cancer Nov. 30, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10(11)-EHC014-3
Having a Breast Biopsy: A Guide for Women and Their Families (En Español) Apr. 14, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10-EHC007-A
Core-Needle Biopsy for Breast Abnormalities: Clinician's Guide Apr. 14, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10-EHC007-3
Reducing the Risk of Breast Cancer With Medicine: A Guide for Women (En Español) Jan. 13, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 09(10)-EHC028-A
Medications To Reduce the Risk of Primary Breast Cancer in Women: Clinician's Guide Jan. 13, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 09(10)-EHC028-3
Treating Prostate Cancer: A Guide for Men With Localized Prostate Cancer (En Español) Jul. 24, 2008
AHRQ Pub. No. 08-EHC010-2A
Treatments for Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer Jul. 24, 2008
AHRQ Pub. No. 08-EHC010-3
 Developmental Delays, ADHD, Autism
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Treatment Options for ADHD in Children and Teens: A Review of Research for Parents and Caregivers (En Español) Jun. 26, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC003-A
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents Jun. 26, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC003-3
 Diabetes
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Methods for Delivering Insulin and Monitoring Blood Sugar: A Review of the Research for Children, Teens, and Adults With Diabetes (En Español) Sept. 4, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC036-A
Insulin Delivery and Glucose Monitoring Methods for Diabetes Mellitus: Comparative Effectiveness Sept. 4, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC036-3
Medicines for Type 2 Diabetes: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Jun. 30, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC038-A
Comparing Medications for Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Jun. 30, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC038-3
Gestational Diabetes: A Guide for Pregnant Women (En Español) Aug. 5, 2009
AHRQ Pub. No. 09-EHC014-A
Gestational Diabetes: Caring for Women During and After Pregnancy Aug. 5, 2009
AHRQ Pub. No. 09-EHC014-3
 Digestive System Conditions
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Treatment Options for GERD or Acid Reflux Disease: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Sept. 23, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC049-A
Managing Chronic Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Sept. 23, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC-049-3
 Functional Limitations and Physical Disabilities
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Surgery for an Inguinal Hernia (En Español) Jul. 24, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC091-A
Surgical Management of Inguinal Hernia Jul. 24, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC091-3
 Genitourinary Conditions
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Treatment Options for Children With Undescended Testicles (En Español) Aug. 30, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13-EHC001-A
Evaluation and Treatment of Cryptorchidism Aug. 30, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13-EHC001-3
Lowering the Chance of Getting Another Calcium Kidney Stone (En Español) Aug. 8, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC049-A
Recurrent Nephrolithiasis in Adults: Comparative Effectiveness of Preventive Medical Strategies Aug. 8, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC049-3
Non-surgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence: A Review of the Research for Women (En Español) Apr. 9, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC074-A
Non-surgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness Apr. 9, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC-074-3
 Gynecology
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Treating Chronic Pelvic Pain: A Review of the Research for Women (En Español) Apr. 16, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC088-A
Effectiveness of Treatments for Noncyclic Chronic Pelvic Pain in Adult Women Apr. 16, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC088-3
 Heart and Blood Vessel Conditions
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Taking Dietary Supplements With Heart, Blood Pressure, or Cholesterol Medicines: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Apr. 10, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC021-A
Use Versus Nonuse of Dietary Supplements in Adults Taking Cardiovascular Drugs Apr. 10, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC021-3
Preventing Blood Clots After Hip or Knee Replacement Surgery or Surgery for a Broken Hip: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Aug. 30, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC020-A
Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Orthopedic Surgery Aug. 30, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC020-3
Measuring Your Blood Pressure at Home: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Feb. 22, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC002-A
Effectiveness of Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring in Adults With Hypertension Feb. 22, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC002-3
Choosing Medicines for High Blood Pressure: A Review of the Research on ACEIs, ARBs, and DRIs (En Español) Oct. 24, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC063-A
ACEIs, ARBs, or DRI for Adults With Hypertension Oct. 24, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)EHC063-3
“ACE Inhibitors” and “ARBs” To Protect Your Heart? (En Español) Jul. 9, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10-EHC002-A
Adding ACEIs and/or ARBs to Standard Therapy for Stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Benefits and Harms Jul. 9, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10-EHC002-3
Radiofrequency Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: A Guide for Adults (En Español) Nov. 16, 2009
AHRQ Pub. No. 09(10)-EHC015-A
Radiofrequency Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: Clinician's Guide Nov. 16, 2009
AHRQ Pub. No. 09(10)-EHC015-3
Utilization and Clinical Data on In-Hospital Off-Label Uses of Recombinant Factor VIIa Oct. 29, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10(11)-EHC030-3
Adjunctive Devices in PCI To Remove Thrombi or Protect Against Distal Embolization in Patients With ACS May 16, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC089-3
Noninvasive Technologies for Diagnosing Coronary Artery Disease in Women: Comparative Effectiveness Oct. 11, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC034-3
 Infectious Diseases and HIV/AIDS
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Testing for the Hepatitis C Virus (En Español) Sept. 13, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC090-A
Screening for Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Adults Sept. 13, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC090-3
Treating Chronic Hepatitis C: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Nov. 27, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC113-A
Comparative Effectiveness of Treatments for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Adults Nov. 27, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC113-3
Treating and Preventing C-diff Infections: A Review of the Research for Adults and Their Caregivers (En Español) Dec. 19, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC051-A
Clostridium difficile Infections: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention Dec. 19, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC051-3
Procalcitonin-Guided Antibiotic Therapy Oct. 5, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC124-3
 Mental Health
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Treatment Options When Your SSRI Antidepressant Is Not Working Well (En Español) Jul. 24, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC050-A
Treatment for Depression After Unsatisfactory Response to SSRIs in Adults and Adolescents Jul. 24, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC050-3
Antipsychotic Medicines for Treating Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder: A Review of the Research for Adults and Caregivers (En Español) Apr. 10, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC054-A
First-Generation Versus Second-Generation Antipsychotics in Adults: Comparative Effectiveness Apr. 10, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC054-3
Antipsychotic Medicines for Children and Teens: A Review of the Research for Parents and Caregivers (En Español) Sept. 4, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC077-A
First- and Second-Generation Antipsychotics for Children: Comparative Effectiveness Sept. 4, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC077-3
Medicines for Treating Mental Health Conditions: A Review of the Research for Adults and Caregivers (En Español) Aug. 1, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC087-A
Off-Label Use of Atypical Antipsychotics: An Update Aug. 1, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC087-3
Medicines for Treating Depression: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Jul. 30, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC012-A
Second-Generation Antidepressants for Treating Adult Depression: An Update Jul. 30, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC012-3
Therapies for Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Review of the Research (En Español) Mar. 19, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC056-A
Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Treatment-Resistant Depression in Adults Mar. 19, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC056-3
Depression After Brain Injury: A Guide for Patients and Their Caregivers (En Español) Apr. 13, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. No. 11-EHC017-A
Depression After Traumatic Brain Injury Apr. 13, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. No. 11-EHC017-3
Depression Following a Traumatic Brain Injury Nov. 21, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC017-2
 Muscle, Bone, and Joint Conditions
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Medicines for Psoriatic Arthritis: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Nov. 20, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC024-A
Drug Therapy for Psoriatic Arthritis in Adults: Comparative Effectiveness Nov. 20, 2012
Medicines for Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Nov. 20, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC025-A
Drug Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness Nov. 20, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC025-3
Reducing the Risk of Bone Fracture: A Review of the Research for Adults With Low Bone Density (En Español) May 16, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC023-A
Treatment To Prevent Osteoporotic Fractures: An Update May 16, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC023-3
Managing Osteoarthritis Pain With Medicines: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Feb. 15, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 06(07)-EHC009-A
Analgesics for Osteoarthritis Feb. 15, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC076-3
Managing Pain From a Broken Hip: A Guide for Adults and Their Caregivers (En Español) May 17, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC022-A
Pain Management Interventions for Elderly Patients With Hip Fracture May 17, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC022-3
Treatment Options for Rotator Cuff Tears: A Guide for Adults (En Español) Oct. 29, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10(11)-EHC050-A
Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions for Rotator Cuff Tears in Adults Oct. 29, 2010
AHRQ Pub. No. 10(11)-EHC050-3
Antinuclear Antibody, Rheumatoid Factor, and Cyclic-Citrullinated Peptide Tests for Evaluating Musculoskeletal Complaints in Children Jul. 5, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC015-3
 Nonclinical Topics
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Managing Care for Adults With Long-term Medical Illnesses (En Español) Aug. 30, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13-EHC031-A
Effectiveness of Outpatient Case Management for Adults With Medical Illness and Complex Care Needs Aug. 30, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13-EHC031-3
Mitigating the Effects of Low Health Literacy: A Brief of the Research Evidence for Health Communicators & Educators Mar. 7, 2011
AHRQ Pub. No. 11-E006-6
Considering Low Health Literacy in the Development or Support of Patient & Consumer Information Mar. 7, 2011
 Obesity
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Keeping Children at a Healthy Weight (En Español) Sept. 19, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13-EHC081-A
Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness Sept. 19, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 13-EHC081-3
Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity (En Español) Sept. 13, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC139-A
Comparative Effectiveness of Bariatric Surgery and Nonsurgical Therapy in Adults With Metabolic Conditions and a Body Mass Index of 30.0 to 34.9 kg/m² Sept. 13, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC139-3
 Ophthalmologic Conditions
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Treatments for Open-Angle Glaucoma: A Review of the Research for Adults (En Español) Feb. 14, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC038-A
Comparisons of Medical, Laser, and Incisional Surgical Treatments for Open-Angle Glaucoma in Adults Feb. 14, 2013
AHRQ Pub. No. 12(13)-EHC038-3
 Pregnancy and Childbirth
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Progestogens To Prevent Preterm Birth: A Review of the Research About Progestogens for Women at Risk (En Español) Sept. 21, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC105-A
Progestogens for Prevention of Preterm Birth Sept. 21, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 12-EHC105-3
Thinking About Inducing Your Labor: A Guide for Pregnant Women (En Español) Dec. 14, 2009
AHRQ Pub. No. 10-EHC004-A
Elective Induction of Labor: Safety and Harms Nov. 30, 2009
AHRQ Pub. No. 10-EHC004-3
 Renal Disease
Consumer Summaries Clinician Summaries Policymaker Summaries
Medicines for Early Stage Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review of the Research for Adults With Kidney Disease and Diabetes or High Blood Pressure (En Español) Oct. 11, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC075-A
Management of Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 1–3 Oct. 11, 2012
AHRQ Pub. No. 11(12)-EHC075-3