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Donald J. Cegala, Ph.D., is Emeritus Professor in the School of Communication and the Department of Family and Community Medicine at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Dr. Cegala was on the Ohio State University (OSU) faculty for over 35 years.  He is the former Chair of the Health Communication Division of the National Communication Association and is a member of the OSU Institute for Primary Care Research and the OSU Comprehensive Cancer Center.  He has served as a consultant and grant reviewer for the National Cancer Institute, and was the recipient of the 2006 NCA/ICA Outstanding Health Communication Scholar Award.  He has published over 60 scholarly book chapters and articles in academic journals, and is known nationally and internationally for his research on physician-patient communication, particularly with respect to patient communication skills interventions.  Dr. Cegala has developed an intervention called PACE that improves patients' communication with physicians.  PACE principles have been applied to many physician-patient settings, including primary care, cancer, heart disease, adult asthma, diabetes, pediatrics, and women's menopause.

Eric S. Holmboe, M.D., is a board certified internist and serves as Chief Medical Officer (CMO) and Senior Vice President of the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) and the ABIM Foundation. He is also Professor Adjunct of Medicine at Yale University, and Adjunct Professor at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.

Prior to joining the ABIM in 2004, he was the Associate Program Director, Yale Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency Program, and Director of Student Clinical Assessment, Yale School of Medicine. Before joining Yale in 2000, he served as Division Chief of General Internal Medicine at the National Naval Medical Center.

His research interests include interventions to improve quality of care and methods in the evaluation of clinical competence. Dr. Holmboe is currently a member of the board of the National Board of Medical Examiners and the American Board of Family Medicine, and serves as chair of the Committee on Research and Evaluation of Programs at the American Board of Medical Specialties. His professional memberships include the American College of Physicians, where he is a Fellow, Society of General Internal Medicine and Association of Medical Education in Europe and is an honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in London.

Dr. Holmboe is a graduate of Franklin and Marshall College and the University of Rochester School of Medicine. He completed his residency and chief residency at Yale-New Haven Hospital, and was a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar at Yale University. 

Ellen M. Peters, Ph.D., is a Professor in Ohio State University’s (OSU) Department of Psychology. She graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1989 with bachelor degrees in engineering and marketing and earned her PhD in psychology from the University of Oregon in 1998. She joined Decision Research in 1998 and was promoted to Senior Research Scientist in 2006. In 2010, she became an Associate Professor in OSU’s Psychology Department and was promoted to Professor in 2012. Dr. Peters is a recognized leader in risk perception/communication and the psychology of health decision making, publishing papers on the effects of affect, numeracy, number processing, and aging. With more than 80 peer-reviewed publications, her research focuses on how affective, intuitive, and deliberative processes help people to make decisions in an increasingly complex world. She is a fellow of the American Psychological Society and has worked extensively with federal agencies (e.g., NCI, FDA) to advance the science of human decision making as it applies to health decisions and communication. In particular, she was a founding member of FDA’s Risk Communication Advisory

Committee and has chaired that committee. She has also been a consultant to FDA’s Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee, and has worked extensively with the design of decision aids to maximize their comprehension and use across diverse populations.

Valerie F. Reyna, Ph.D., is Professor, Director of the Human Neuroscience Institute, and Co-Director of the Cornell University Magnetic Resonance Imaging Facility and of the Center for Behavioral Economics and Decision Research. She is a member of the faculty in Human Development, Psychology, Cognitive Science, and Neuroscience (IMAGINE Program), as well as Weill Cornell Medical College. Dr. Reyna holds a PhD in experimental psychology from Rockefeller University.  She is a developer of fuzzy-trace theory, a model of the relation between memory and decision making that has been widely applied in law, medicine, and public health. Her recent work has focused on meaning and mental representation; aging, neurocognitive impairment, and genetic risk factors (e.g., in Alzheimer’s disease); rationality and risky decision making, particularly risk taking in adolescence; and neuroimaging models of framing and decision making. She has also extended fuzzy-trace theory to risk perception, numeracy, and dual processes in medical decision making by both physicians and patients. Past President of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making, she is a Fellow of numerous scientific societies and has served on scientific panels of the National Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Food and Drug Administration, and the MacArthur Foundation.

George W. Saba Ph.D., is a Professor of Clinical Family and Community Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and holds the Vitamin Settlement Endowed Chair in Community Medicine. He is the Associate Director of the Family and Community Medicine Residency at San Francisco General Hospital and its Director of Behavioral Sciences. After receiving his doctorate in Psychology from Temple University, Dr. Saba worked in the family therapy field in Chicago specializing in eating disorders and abuse, training family therapists and supervisors, and conducting clinical research in bulimia and substance abuse. In 1983, he joined the behavioral science faculty of the Department of Family and Community Medicine at San Francisco General

Hospital, UCSF training family physicians in relationship centered care with underserved communities. He continues in that position today, teaching both residents and medical students in outpatient and inpatient settings.

His research has focused on both medical education and various aspects of clinical care (physician-patient/family communication, cultural competence, chronic illness in a family context, and team based care). Over the last decade he has particularly explored the intersection of shared decision making and collaborative relationships in vulnerable populations. He has had the opportunity to be a visiting scholar throughout northern Italy over the past 15 years, holding a faculty appointment at the Institute for Systemic and Relational Therapy in Modena and collaborating in both training and research with the Department of Psychology at the Università Cattolica di Sacra Cuore in Milan.

Karen R. Sepucha, Ph.D., is the director of the Health Decision Sciences Center in the General Medicine Division at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and an Assistant Professor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Her research and clinical interests involve developing and implementing tools and methods to improve the quality of significant medical decisions made by patients and clinicians. Dr. Sepucha was the medical editor for a series of five breast cancer patient decision aids (PtDAs) developed by the not-for-profit Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. The PtDAs have won seven media awards and Dr. Sepucha has led the dissemination of these programs to more than 80 academic and community cancer centers across the country. She is also responsible for efforts to promote shared decision making in primary and specialty care at Mass General through patient decision aids and clinician skills training. Her recent research has focused on the development of survey instruments to measure the quality of decisions. The decision quality instruments have been used in national surveys of medical decisions, and a subset of the items have been adapted for use in the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) primary care medical home patient experience survey. Dr. Sepucha has been active in local, national and international efforts to improve decision quality, including the International Patient Decision Aids Standards collaboration. She received her PhD in engineering-economic systems and operations research at Stanford University with a focus in decision sciences. 

Victoria A. Shaffer, Ph.D., received her PhD in Quantitative Psychology, with an emphasis on Decision Theory and Behavioral Economics, from Ohio State University in 2005. She is currently an Assistant Professor at the University of Missouri. She holds a joint appointment in the Department of Health Sciences, in the School of Health Professions, and in the Department of Psychological Sciences, in the College of Arts and Science. Her research focuses on identifying and testing methods to improve the quality of decisions about healthcare. Previous research has focused on the impact of patient narratives in decision aids and attitudes towards the use of clinical decision support systems in medicine.

Dawn Stacey, R.N., Ph.D., CON(C) holds a Research Chair in Knowledge Translation to Patients and is Associate Professor, School of Nursing at the University of Ottawa. She is a Scientist at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute where she is Director of the Patient Decision Aids Research Group. She is the principal-investigator for the Cochrane Review of Patient Decision Aids, co-chair of the Steering Committee for the International Patient Decision Aid Standards Collaboration (IPDAS), and co-investigator for the Cochrane Review of Interventions to Improve the Adoption of Shared Decision Making. Her research includes: knowledge translation to patients; patient decision aid development, evaluation and appraisal; decision coaching; implementation of decision aids and decision coaching into practice; telephone-based care, and interprofessional approaches to shared decision making. She is collaborating with the Ministry of Health in Saskatchewan to implement shared decision making and patient decision aids across the province. She has over 100 publications and 80 invited national and international presentations. Her research program Web site is http://decisionaid.ohri.caExit Disclaimer