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This report is from AHRQ's series on Future Research Needs Projects.
This Future Research Needs (FRN) project is a followup to the recently completed Comparative Effectiveness Review (CER) "Multidisciplinary Postacute Rehabilitation for Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults." The CER was motivated by uncertainty around the effectiveness and comparative effectiveness of rehabilitation programs for adult patients with sustained impairments from moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). This FRN project aims to identify and prioritize specific gaps in the current literature about the effectiveness and comparative effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs for which additional research would aid decisionmakers. We used a deliberative process to identify evidence gaps, translate gaps into researchable questions, and solicit stakeholder opinion on the importance of research questions. This report proposes specific research needs along with research design considerations that could advance research in this field.